How to Sow Seeds Indoors

Come Up With a Plan

So now that you decided to give “home farming a try,” it is good to come up with a plan. Depending on the seed variety, the time it takes to germinate and grow large enough to transplant outdoors varies.  To ensure that you start your seeds at the right time, you should determine the last frost date for your area. You should calculate each seed’s start date for sowing indoors so that your seedlings are ready to transplant around the same time. Home Farmer makes this very easy, and you can find this information under the “When to Grow” section for each seed on our website. Home Farmer uses top seed varieties with SureSprout to ensure you will have the highest success rate when germinating.


Find a place indoors which is warmer and has exposure to good light. This is crucial to successful germination of the seeds.

Things You Will Need

You will need small containers with holes at the bottom for drainage. Any container will do. You can purchase seed-starter trays or pots, or containers from home can work as well, such as egg cartons, or the bottom portion of a milk cartons. Poke drainage holes as necessary in containers that need them. Also, you will need to purchase soil to plant your seeds.  Many stores sell seed-starting soil mixes, or soil cubes. Soil cubes are an easy medium to start growing your seedlings in, as they will expand to fit your seeds once a small amount of water is applied.

  • STEP 1:  When you are ready to start planting, moisten the soil prior to planting. Take caution not to over water or underwater the soil; if the soil is too soggy or too dry, the seed will not survive.
  • STEP 2: Plant one seed in each section of the container. Follow planting instructions for each seed variety.
  • STEP 3:  Once you have planted your casino online seeds, the next step is to provide a humid environment for the seeds to germinate. Most starter trays also come with a humidity dome or cover, but for others simply covering your tray loosely with plastic can achieve the same effect.
  • STEP 4: Label your seeds if you are planting multiple commodities or varieties to keep them organized. Different seeds have different instructions.
  • STEP 5: Check the soil regularly and keep your seedlings’ soil moist. Take care not to overwater them.
  • STEP 6: Once your seeds begin sprouting, you should remove the plastic covers and place the trays underneath a light source. A windowsill can work well but grow lights are more efficient. (A fluorescent shop light will do the trick and will cost you a lot less money than the expensive indoor growing lights.) Removing the cover keeps a constant airflow that will help the seedlings adapt to the outdoor environment and help them to grow to be larger and more vigorous plants.

The first two leaves that will sprout on seedlings are called cotyledons, and they have a different appearance than leaves that develop later. Shortly after the cotyledons grow, true leaves will start to appear on your seedling. Once 3-4 true leaves are on your seedling, you are ready to start the transplanting process. Home Farmer makes this process easy and provides step-by-step instructions on how to properly transplant your seedlings.


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